Novel triphenylamine containing poly-viologen for voltage-tunable multi-color electrochromic device

Keon Woo Kim, Jae Kyeong Lee, Xiaowu Tang, Yujeong Lee, Jihyeon Yeo, Hong Chul Moon, Seung Woo Lee, Se Hyun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Electrochromic (EC) materials have been studied widely for various applications, such as smart windows, information displays, and functional energy storage devices. Among them, EC polymers are attractive materials because of their solution-processability and potential color tuning by tailoring redox-active substituents. A new EC polymer containing redox-active triphenylamine and viologen (denoted TPA-poly(viologen)) was synthesized and applied to electrochromic devices (ECDs). The resulting ECDs exhibited three different colors (magenta, blue, and orange) according to the applied voltage. For example, in the bleached state, the magenta color changed to a blue color at −1.1 V and an orange color at −1.4 V. In addition, voltage-tunable multicolor EC displays with various shapes were fabricated by electro-force-assisted dispensing (EFAD) printing.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109321
JournalDyes and Pigments
StatePublished - Jun 2021


  • Electrochromic materials
  • Electrochromism
  • Printing
  • Triphenylamine
  • Viologen


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