Numerical prediction of locally forced turbulent separated and reattaching flow

Gwang Hoon Rhee, Hyung Jin Sung

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24 Scopus citations


An unsteady numerical simulation was performed for locally forced separated and reattaching flow over a backward-facing step. The local forcing was given to the separated and reattaching flow by means of a sinusoidally oscillating jet from a separation line. A version of the k-ε-f(μ) model was employed, in which the near-wall behavior without reference to distance and the nonequilibrium effect in the recirculation region were incorporated. The Reynolds number based on the step height (H) was fixed at Re(H) = 33 000, and the forcing frequency was varied in the range 0 ≤ St(H) ≤ 2. The predicted results were compared and validated with the experimental data of Chun and Sung (1996, 1998). It was shown that the unsteady locally forced separated and reattaching flows are predicted reasonably well with the k-ε-f(μ) model. To characterize the large-scale vortex evolution due to the local forcing, numerical flow visualizations were carried out. (C) 2000 The Japan Society of Fluid Mechanics and Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)421-436
Number of pages16
JournalFluid Dynamics Research
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2000


  • Local forcing
  • Separated and reattaching flow
  • Unsteady turbulence model simulation
  • Vortex-merging


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