NVFAT: A fAT-compatible file system with NVRAM write cache for its metadata

In Hwan Doh, Hyo J. Lee, Young Je Moon, Eunsam Kim, Jongmoo Choi, Donghee Lee, Sam H. Noh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


File systems make use of the buffer cache to enhance their performance. Traditionally, part of DRAM, which is volatile memory, is used as the buffer cache. In this paper, we consider the use of of Non-Volatile RAM (NVRAM) as a write cache for metadata of the file system in embedded systems. NVRAM is a state-of-the-art memory that provides characteristics of both non-volatility and random byte addressability. By employing NVRAM as a write cache for dirty metadata, we retain the same integrity of a file system that always synchronously writes its metadata to storage, while at the same time improving file system performance to the level of a file system that always writes asynchronously. To show quantitative results, we developed an embedded board with NVRAM and modify the VFAT file system provided in Linux 2.6.11 to accommodate the NVRAM write cache. We performed a wide range of experiments on this platform for various synthetic and realistic workloads. The results show that substantial reductions in execution time are possible from an application viewpoint. Another consequence of the write cache is its benefitsat the FTL layer, leading to improved wear leveling of Flash memory and increased energy savings, which are important measures in embedded systems.From the real numbers obtained through our experiments, we show that wear leveling is improved considerably and also quantify the improvements in terms of energy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1137-1146
Number of pages10
JournalIEICE Transactions on Information and Systems
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2010


  • File system
  • Flash memory
  • Flash translation layer (FTL)
  • Metadata
  • Non-volatile RAM (NVRAM)


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