Oxidative stress of CeO2 nanoparticles via p38-Nrf-2 signaling pathway in human bronchial epithelial cell, Beas-2B

Hyun Jeong Eom, Jinhee Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

223 Scopus citations

Abstract

To understand the molecular mechanism of previously observed cerium oxide (CeO2) nanoparticles-induced oxidative stress, an in vitro toxicity assay was conducted using human bronchial epithelial cell, Beas-2B, focusing on the involvement of the oxidative stress responding signal transduction pathway and transcription factors in the toxicity of CeO2 nanoparticles. Extracellular signal-regulating kinase (ERK), p38 and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling pathways, along with nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) and nuclear factor-E2-related factor-2 (Nrf-2), were investigated as the upstream events of oxidative stress from exposure to CeO2 nanoparticles. The overall results suggest that CeO2 nanoparticles may exert their toxicity through oxidative stress, as they cause significant increases in the cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) concentrations, subsequently leading to the strong induction of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) via the p38-Nrf-2 signaling pathway. Further studies on the mechanism by which CeO2 nanoparticles induce the p38-Nrf-2 signaling pathway are warranted for a better understanding of the CeO2 nanoparticles-induced oxidative stress; studies with other signaling pathways, with concentration-response and time course experiments would also be justified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-83
Number of pages7
JournalToxicology Letters
Volume187
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2009

Keywords

  • CeO nanoparticles
  • HO-1
  • Nrf-2
  • Oxidative stress
  • p38 MAP kinases

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