Photothermal Convection Lithography for Rapid and Direct Assembly of Colloidal Plasmonic Nanoparticles on Generic Substrates

Chang Min Jin, Wooju Lee, Dongchoul Kim, Taewook Kang, Inhee Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


Controlled assembly of colloidal nanoparticles onto solid substrates generally needs to overcome their thermal diffusion in water. For this purpose, several techniques that are based on chemical bonding, capillary interactions with substrate patterning, optical force, and optofluidic heating of light-absorbing substrates are proposed. However, the direct assembly of colloidal nanoparticles on generic substrates without chemical linkers and substrate patterning still remains challenging. Here, photothermal convection lithography is proposed, which allows the rapid placement of colloidal nanoparticles onto the surface of diverse solid substrates. It is based on local photothermal heating of colloidal nanoparticles by resonant light focusing without substrate heating, which induces convective flow. The convective flow, then, forces the colloidal nanoparticles to assemble at the illumination point of light. The size of the assembly is increased by either increasing the light intensity or illumination time. It is shown that three types of colloidal gold nanoparticles with different shapes (rod, star, and sphere) can be uniformly assembled by the proposed method. Each assembly with a diameter of tens of micrometers can be completed within a minute and its patterned arrays can also be achieved rapidly.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1803055
Issue number45
StatePublished - 8 Nov 2018


  • colloidal assembly
  • nanoparticle patterning
  • photothermal convection lithography
  • plasmonic nanoparticles
  • resonant light focusing


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