Precision verification of new global gravitational model using GPS/leveling data

Kyeongmin Baek, Jay Hyoun Kwon, Jisun Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The global gravitational model is essential for precision geoid model construction. Also, it would be used as basic scientific data in geophysical and oceanographic fields. In Korea, EGM2008 has been used from the late 2000s. After publishing EGM2008, new gravitational models such as GOCO02S, GOCO03S, EIGEN-6C, EIGEN-6C2 based on GOCE data were developed. Therefore, we need to verify recent models to select optimal one for geoid computation in Korea. In this study, we compared new models generated based on the GOCE data to EGM2008 and verified the precision of models by comparing with NGII(National Geographic Information Institute) GPS/Leveling data. When comparing EIGEN models to EGM2008, the difference is about 8cm. On the other hand, about 70cm of difference between GOCO models and EGM2008 has been calculated. The reason for this is because GOCO models have been developed using only satellite data while EGM2008 has been used gravity and altimeter data as well as satellite data. When comparing global gravitational model to GPS/Leveling data, EGM2008 showed the best precision of 6.1cm over whole Korean peninsula. The new global gravitational model using additional GOCE data will be published consistently, so the precision verification of new model should be continued.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-247
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2013


  • GOCE
  • GPS/Leveling data
  • Global gravitational model
  • Precision verification


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