Predictors of perceived health in adults with an intellectual disability

Jooyeon Jin, Stamatis Agiovlasitis, Joonkoo Yun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The effects of Intellectual disability (ID) levels, body mass index (BMI) categories, and other factors on perceived health status of adults with ID are not well-known. Aims: We aimed to examine: (a) the relationship between perceived health and level of intellectual function; (b) the influence of different BMI categories on a perceived health; and (c) the effect of the modifiable behavioral factors on perceived health. Methods and procedures: We examined the aims using data from the 2013-2014 Adult Consumer Survey of the National Core Indicator. We extracted demographic (e.g. age, BMI) and modifiable behavior-related variables (e.g. physical activity participation, having a job) and used logistic regression models to analyze the relationships. Outcomes and results: Logistic regressions showed that more severe ID level is associated with worse perceived health, but when other variables related to personal and behavioral characteristics were accounted for, this relationship was no longer significant. Obese adults with ID had worse perceived health than those with normal weight; this effect remained significant even after considering other variables. Those in the overweight category did not differ in perceived health status from those of normal weight. The effects of all modifiable behaviors on perceived health were significant. Conclusions and implications: Health promotion programs for adults with ID may benefit by consideration of modifiable behaviors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103642
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Volume101
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2020

Keywords

  • adults with an intellectual disability
  • and modifiable factors
  • demographic
  • intellectual functioning
  • obesity paradox
  • perceived health status

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