Production and utilization of biochar: A review

Jin Sun Cha, Sung Hoon Park, Sang Chul Jung, Changkook Ryu, Jong Ki Jeon, Min Chul Shin, Young Kwon Park

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

899 Scopus citations


Biochar produced during the thermochemical decomposition of biomass not only reduces the amount of carbon emitted into the atmosphere, but it is also an environment-friendly replacement for activated carbon and other carbon materials. In this review paper, researches on biochar are discussed in terms of production method and application. Different processes for biochar production, such as pyrolysis, gasification, hydrothermal carbonization, etc., are compared. Physical and chemical activation methods used to improve the physicochemical properties of biochar and their effects are also compared. Various environmental application fields of biochar including adsorption (for water pollutants and for air pollutants), catalysis (for syngas upgrading, for biodiesel production, and for air pollutant treatment), and soil conditioning are discussed. Recent research trend of biochar in other applications, such as fuel cell, supercapacitor, and hydrogen storage, is also reviewed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
StatePublished - 25 Aug 2016


  • Adsorbent
  • Biochar
  • Biochar activation
  • Biochar application
  • Catalyst
  • Soil amendment


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