Production of biofuels from pine needle via catalytic fast pyrolysis over HBeta

Young Min Kim, Hyung Won Lee, Seong Ho Jang, Jaehun Jeong, Sumin Ryu, Sang Chul Jung, Young Kwon Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


The thermal and catalytic pyrolysis of pine needles over HBeta catalysts with different SiO2/Al2O3 ratios (25 and 300) were investigated by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and pyrolyzer-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. TGA showed that the main decomposition of pine needles occurred between 150 and 550 °C. The catalytic DTG curves revealed the same decomposition temperature region as the non-catalytic TG curve of pine needles. Pyrolyzergas chromatography/mass spectrometry suggested that the effective catalytic conversion of pyrolyzate intermediates and other hydrocarbons to aromatic hydrocarbons can be achieved using HBeta catalysts at 600 °C. HBeta(25) produced a larger amount of aromatic hydrocarbons than HBeta(300) because of its higher acid amounts. By increasing the reaction temperature from 500 to 700 °C, the formation of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylenes (BTEXs) and other polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons was increased with a concomitant decrease in phenolics and other oxygenates. The formation efficiency of BTEXs was increased further by increasing the catalyst loading.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)493-496
Number of pages4
JournalKorean Journal of Chemical Engineering
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2020


  • BTEX
  • Catalytic Pyrolysis
  • HBeta
  • Pine Needle


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