Pt-Ni/γ-Al2O3 catalyst for the preferential CO oxidation in the hydrogen stream

Eun Yong Ko, Eun Duck Park, Kyung Won Seo, Hyun Chul Lee, Doohwan Lee, Soonho Kim

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66 Scopus citations

Abstract

The preferential CO oxidation (PROX) in the presence of excess hydrogen was studied over Pt-Ni/γ-Al2O3. CO chemisorption, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and temperature-programmed reduction were conducted to characterize active catalysts. The co-impregnated Pt-Ni/γ-Al2O3 was superior to Pt/Ni/γ-Al2O3 and Ni/Pt/γ-Al2O3 prepared by a sequential impregnation of each component on alumina support. The PROX activity was affected by the reductive pretreatment condition. The pre-reduction was essential for the low-temperature PROX activity. As the reduction temperature increased above 423 K, the CO2 selectivity decreased and the atomic percent of Ni in the bimetallic phase of Pt-Ni increased. This catalyst exhibited the high CO conversion even in the presence of 2% H2O and 20% CO2 over a wide reaction temperature. The bimetallic phase of Pt-Ni seems to give rise to high catalytic activity for the PROX in H2-rich stream.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)275-279
Number of pages5
JournalCatalysis Letters
Volume110
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2006

Keywords

  • CO oxidation
  • Fuel cell
  • PROX
  • Pt-Ni
  • Pt/γ-AlO

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