Pyrolysis kinetics and decomposition characteristics of pine trees

Seung Soo Kim, Jinsoo Kim, Young Hun Park, Young Kwon Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

102 Scopus citations


Pine trees comprise over 35% of the forests in Korea, since 1989, pine wilt disease introduced via the Japanese pine sawyer has been infecting many of these trees. As a renewable resource, pine can be converted to bio-oil, gas, and char through pyrolysis. In this study, the pyrolysis characteristics of pine trees were investigated using thermogravimetric analyzer, with most of the materials decomposing between 330 and 370°C at heating rates of 5-20°C/min. The apparent activation energy increased from 145 to 302kJ mol-1 with increasing pyrolysis conversion. The kinetics of pine tree pyrolysis were experimentally and mathematically evaluated. The kinetic parameters were determined using nonlinear least-squares regression of the experimental data assuming first-order kinetics. It was found from the kinetic rate constants that the predominant reaction pathway was A (pine) to gas (C1-C4) rather than A to bio-oil at temperatures of 330-370°C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9797-9802
Number of pages6
JournalBioresource Technology
Issue number24
StatePublished - Dec 2010


  • Biomass
  • Lump kinetic model
  • Pine tree
  • Thermogravimetric analysis


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