Radiative and momentum-based mechanical active galactic nucleus feedback in a three-dimensional galaxy evolution code

Ena Choi, Jeremiah P. Ostriker, Thorsten Naab, Peter H. Johansson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

160 Scopus citations

Abstract

We study the growth of black holes (BHs) in galaxies using three-dimensional smoothed particle hydrodynamic simulations with new implementations of the momentum mechanical feedback, and restriction of accreted elements to those that are gravitationally bound to the BH. We also include the feedback from the X-ray radiation emitted by the BH, which heats the surrounding gas in the host galaxies, and adds radial momentum to the fluid. We perform simulations of isolated galaxies and merging galaxies and test various feedback models with the new treatment of the Bondi radius criterion. We find that overall the BH growth is similar to what has been obtained by earlier works using the Springel, Di Matteo, & Hernquist algorithms. However, the outflowing wind velocities and mechanical energy emitted by winds are considerably higher (v w 1000-3000kms-1) compared to the standard thermal feedback model (v w 50-100kms-1). While the thermal feedback model emits only 0.1% of BH released energy in winds, the momentum feedback model emits more than 30% of the total energy released by the BH in winds. In the momentum feedback model, the degree of fluctuation in both radiant and wind output is considerably larger than in standard treatments. We check that the new model of BH mass accretion agrees with analytic results for the standard Bondi problem.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume754
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2012

Keywords

  • accretion, accretion disks
  • black hole physics
  • galaxies: active
  • galaxies: nuclei
  • galaxies: starburst
  • quasars: general

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