Rapid and Efficient Removal of Anionic Dye in Water Using a Chitosan-Coated Iron Oxide-Immobilized Polyvinylidene Fluoride Membrane

Jun Ho Shin, Jung Eun Yang, Jung Eun Park, Sun Wook Jeong, Sang June Choi, Yong Jun Choi, Jongho Jeon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Anionic dyes are one of the most serious contaminants in water as these molecules are known to be toxic to many living organisms. Herein, we report the development of functionalized polyvinylidene fluoride membranes modified with chitosan-coated iron oxide nanomaterials (Fe-PVDF) for the efficient treatment of anionic dye-contaminated water. Aqueous solutions of anionic dyes could be captured rapidly by passing through the functionalized membrane under reduced pressure. Under neutral conditions, Fe-PVDF showed a maximum removal capacity of 74.6 mg/g for Evans blue (EB) through the adsorption process. In addition, the adsorption capacity was significantly enhanced up to 434.78 mg/g under acidic conditions. The adsorption process for EB matched well with the Langmuir model, indicating monolayer adsorption of the dye to the membrane surface. Moreover, Fe-PVDF can be reusable by a simple washing step in an alkaline solution, and thus, the composite membrane was applied several times without a significant decrease in its adsorption performance. The same composite membrane was further applied to the removal of five other different anionic dyes with high efficiencies. The adsorption mechanism can be explained by the electrostatic interaction between the positively charged chitosan and the negatively charged dye as well as the affinity of the sulfate groups in dye molecules for the surface of the iron oxide nanoparticles. The easy preparation and rapid decolorization procedures make this composite membrane suitable for efficient water treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8759-8766
Number of pages8
JournalACS Omega
Volume7
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Mar 2022

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