Reference-free deflection measurement of general-shape bridges using data fusion

S. Cho, C. B. Yun, S. H. Sim

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Recently, an indirect displacement estimation method using data fusion of acceleration and strain (i.e., acceleration-strain-based method) has been developed. Though the method showed good performance on beam-like structures, it has inherent limitation in applying to more general types of bridges that may have complex shapes, because it uses assumed analytical (sinusoidal) mode shapes to map the measured strain into displacement. This paper proposes an improved displacement estimation method that can be applied to more general types of bridges by building the mapping using the finite element model of the structure rather than using the assumed sinusoidal mode shapes. The performance of the proposed method is evaluated by numerical simulation on a deck arch bridge model whose mode shapes are difficult to express as analytical functions. The displacements are estimated by acceleration-based method, strain-based method, acceleration-strain-based method, and the improved method. Then the results are compared with the exact displacement. The proposed method is found to provide the best estimate for dynamic displacements in the comparison, showing good agreement with the measurements as well.


  • Bridge
  • Data fusion
  • Displacement
  • Finite element model
  • Modal mapping


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