Regularized within-class precision matrix based PLDA in text-dependent speaker verification

Sung Hyun Yoon, Jong June Jeon, Ha Jin Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


In the field of speaker verification, probabilistic linear discriminant analysis (PLDA) is the dominant method for back-end scoring. To estimate the PLDA model, the between-class covariance and within-class precision matrices must be estimated from samples. However, the empirical covariance/precision estimated from samples has estimation errors due to the limited number of samples available. In this paper, we propose a method to improve the conventional PLDA by estimating the PLDA model using the regularized within-class precision matrix. We use graphical least absolute shrinking and selection operator (GLASSO) for the regularization. The GLASSO regularization decreases the estimation errors in the empirical precision matrix by making the precision matrix sparse, which corresponds to the reflection of the conditional independence structure. The experimental results on text-dependent speaker verification reveal that the proposed method reduce the relative equal error rate by up to 23% compared with the conventional PLDA.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6571
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number18
StatePublished - Sep 2020


  • Graphical least absolute shrinking and selection operator (GLASSO)
  • Precision matrix
  • Probabilistic linear discriminant analysis (PLDA)
  • Regularization
  • Text-dependent speaker verification


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