Reliable organic memristors for neuromorphic computing by predefining a localized ion-migration path in crosslinkable polymer

Hea Lim Park, Min Hwi Kim, Min Hoi Kim, Sin Hyung Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

In flexible neuromorphic systems for realizing artificial intelligence, organic memristors are essential building blocks as artificial synapses to perform information processing and memory. Despite much effort to implement artificial neural networks (ANNs) using organic memristors, the reliability of these devices is inherently hampered by global ion transportation and arbitrary growth of conductive filaments (CFs). As a result, the performance of ANNs is restricted. Herein, a novel concept for confining CF growth in organic memristors is demonstrated by exploiting the unique functionality of crosslinkable polymers. This can be achieved by predefining the localized ion-migration path (LIP) in crosslinkable polymers. In the proposed organic memristor, metal cations are locally transported along the LIP. Thus, CF growth is achieved only in a confined region. A flexible memristor with an LIP exhibits a vastly improved reliability and uniformity, and it is capable of operating with high mechanical and electrical endurance. Moreover, neuromorphic arrays based on the proposed memristor exhibit 96.3% learning accuracy, which is comparable to the ideal software baseline. The proposed concept of predefining the LIP in organic memristors is expected to provide novel platforms for the advance of flexible electronics and to realize a variety of practical neural networks for artificial intelligence applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22502-22510
Number of pages9
JournalNanoscale
Volume12
Issue number44
DOIs
StatePublished - 28 Nov 2020

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