Removal of contaminants in leachate from landfill by waste steel scrap and converter slag

Byung Taek Oh, Jai Young Lee, Jeyong Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


This study may be the first investigation to be performed into the potential benefits of recycling industrial waste in controlling contaminants in leachate. Batch reactors were used to evaluate the efficacy of waste steel scrap and converter slag to treat mixed contaminants using mimic leachate solution. The waste steel scrap was prepared through pre-treatment by an acid-washed step, which retained both zero-valent iron site and iron oxide site. Extensive trichloroethene (TCE) removal (95%) occurred by acid-washed steel scrap within 48 h. In addition, dehalogenation (Cl- production) was observed to be above 7.5% of the added TCE on a molar basis for 48 h. The waste steel scrap also removed tetrachloroethylene (PCE) through the dehalogenation process although to a lesser extent than TCE. Heavy metals (Cr, Mn, Cu, Zn, As, Cd, and Pb) were extensively removed by both acid-washed steel scrap and converter slag through the adsorption process. Among salt ions (NH4+, NO3-, and PO43-), PO43- was removed by both waste steel scrap (100% within 8 h) and converter slag (100% within 20 min), whereas NO3- and NH4+ were removed by waste steel scrap (100% within 7 days) and converter slag (up to 50% within 4 days) respectively. This work suggests that permeable reactive barriers (PRBs) with waste steel scrap and converter slag might be an effective approach to intercepting mixed contaminants in leachate from landfill.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)331-336
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Geochemistry and Health
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2007


  • Converter slag
  • Heavy metals
  • Leachate
  • PCE
  • Steel scrap
  • TCE
  • Zero-valent iron


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