Role of geometry and topological defects in the one-dimensional zero-line modes of graphene

Xintao Bi, Jeil Jung, Zhenhua Qiao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Breaking inversion symmetry in chiral graphene systems, e.g., by applying a perpendicular electric field in chirally stacked rhombohedral multilayer graphene or by introducing staggered sublattice potentials in monolayer graphene, opens up a bulk band gap that harbors a quantum valley-Hall state. When the gap size is allowed to vary and changes sign in space, a topologically confined one-dimensional (1D) zero-line mode (ZLM) is formed along the zero lines of the local gap. Here, we show that gapless ZLM with distinguishable valley degrees of freedom K and K′ exist for every propagation angle except for the armchair direction that exactly superpose the valleys. We further analyze the role of different geometries of top-bottom gated device setups that can be realized in experiments, discuss the effects of their edge misalignment, and analyze three common forms of topological defects that could influence the 1D ZLM transport properties in actual devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number235421
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume92
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 Dec 2015

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