Self-reported insulin pump prescribing practices in pediatric type 1 diabetes

Meghan E. Fredette, Mark R. Zonfrillo, Sangshin Park, Jose Bernardo Quintos, Philip A. Gruppuso, Lisa Swartz Topor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Introduction: Disadvantaged and minority youth with type 1 diabetes are less likely to be on insulin pump therapy compared to the majority population. Little is known about how pediatric endocrinology providers determine eligibility for insulin pump. We aimed to identify provider factors influencing the decision to initiate insulin pump therapy. Methods: We conducted a survey of Pediatric Endocrine Society members who prescribe insulin pump therapy to pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes. The survey collected information about prescriber characteristics, use and adherence to guidelines, eligibility criteria, and objective and subjective factors that influence insulin pump prescription. Results: The survey was completed by 192 individuals who met eligibility criteria (14.1% response rate). The majority of respondents were attending providers, and were white, non-Hispanic females. A minority of providers (22%) reported following written insulin pump guidelines, and many (70%) reported using personal guidelines to guide patient selection. Most providers had no objective eligibility criteria, aside from standard glucose monitoring. Providers identified patient lifestyle and increased risk of hypoglycemia, as well as patient and family factors such as motivation, realistic expectations of insulin pump use, ability to demonstrate carbohydrate counting, patient request, and ability to communicate as important in the decision to initiate insulin pump. Conclusion: Pediatric endocrinology providers place significant importance on subjective factors and utilize few objective criteria in determining eligibility for insulin pump. In the setting of the known disparities in insulin pump use, providers should utilize objective, consistent criteria to determine which patients are safe to initiate insulin pump.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)758-765
Number of pages8
JournalPediatric Diabetes
Issue number5
StatePublished - Aug 2021


  • insulin pump
  • pediatrics
  • survey
  • type 1 diabetes mellitus


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