Shear strength and aging characteristics of sn-3.0ag-0.5cu/cu solder joint reinforced with zro2 nanoparticles

Sri Harini Rajendran, Seung Jun Hwang, Jae Pil Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study investigates the shear strength and aging characteristics of Sn-3.0Ag-0.5Cu (SAC 305)/Cu joints by the addition of ZrO2 nanoparticles (NPs) having two different particle size: 5–15 nm (ZrO2A) and 70–90 nm (ZrO2B). Nanocomposite pastes were fabricated by mechanically mixing ZrO2 NPs and the solder paste. ZrO2 NPs decreased the β-Sn grain size and Ag3Sn intermetallic compound (IMC) in the matrix and reduced the Cu6Sn5 IMC thickness at the interface of lap shear SAC 305/Cu joints. The effect is pronounced for ZrO2A NPs added solder joint. The solder joints were isothermally aged at 175C for 24, 48, 144 and 256 h. NPs decreased the diffusion coefficient from 1.74 × 10–16 m/s to 3.83 × 10–17 m/s and 4.99 × 10–17 m/s for ZrO2A and ZrO2B NPs added SAC 305/Cu joints respectively. The shear strength of the solder joints decreased with the aging time due to an increase in the thickness of interfacial IMC and coarsening of Ag3Sn in the solder. However, higher shear strength exhibited by SAC 305-ZrO2A/Cu joints was attributed to the fine Ag3Sn IMC’s dispersed in the solder matrix. Fracture analysis of SAC 305-ZrO2A/Cu joints displayed mixed solder/IMC mode upon 256 h of aging.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1295
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalMetals
Volume10
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2020

Keywords

  • AgSn intermetallic compound
  • Aging
  • Nanocomposite solder
  • Shear strength

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