Simplified P-M interaction curve for square steel tube filled with high-strength concrete

Young Hwan Choi, Kang Su Kim, Sung Mo Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study is to propose simplified strength equations that can be conveniently used to establish a P-M interaction curve of square concrete filled tubes (CFTs) with concrete strength of up to 100 MPa. The method presented in the author's previous study [Choi Y-H, Foutch DA, LaFave JM. New approach to AISC P-M interaction curve for concrete filled tube beam-columns. Eng Struct 2006;28(11):1586-98] was used as a basic unified formula for pure steel members and CFT ones, and a parametric study was performed to determine the contribution of the concrete, which were expressed by two variables: a normalized maximum moment, α, and the axial load ratio at the maximum moment, β. The two variables were formulated with respect to tube width-to-thickness ratio (b/t) and relative concrete compressive strength to yield strength of the steel tube (f′c/Fy). Then, the proposed method were compared to experimental data found in literatures, which showed greatly improved results in terms of accuracy and amount of computation, when compared to the current AISC design methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)506-515
Number of pages10
JournalThin-Walled Structures
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2008


  • AISC
  • Beam-column
  • High-strength concrete
  • P-M interaction curve
  • Square concrete filled tube


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