Simulation of a geiger-mode imaging LADAR system for performance assessment

Seongjoon Kim, Impyeong Lee, Yong Joon Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


As LADAR systems applications gradually become more diverse, new types of systems are being developed. When developing new systems, simulation studies are an essential prerequisite. A simulator enables performance predictions and optimal system parameters at the design level, as well as providing sample data for developing and validating application algorithms. The purpose of the study is to propose a method for simulating a Geiger-mode imaging LADAR system. We develop simulation software to assess system performance and generate sample data for the applications. The simulation is based on three aspects of modeling-the geometry, radiometry and detection. The geometric model computes the ranges to the reflection points of the laser pulses. The radiometric model generates the return signals, including the noises. The detection model determines the flight times of the laser pulses based on the nature of the Geiger-mode detector. We generated sample data using the simulator with the system parameters and analyzed the detection performance by comparing the simulated points to the reference points. The proportion of the outliers in the simulated points reached 25.53%, indicating the need for efficient outlier elimination algorithms. In addition, the false alarm rate and dropout rate of the designed system were computed as 1.76% and 1.06%, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8461-8489
Number of pages29
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2013


  • FPA
  • Flash ladar
  • Geiger mode
  • GmAPD
  • GmFPA
  • Imaging
  • Ladar
  • Laser radar
  • Lidar
  • Performance assessment
  • Range gated
  • Sensor model
  • Simulation


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