SPMSMs HFI Based Self-Sensing Using Intentional Magnetic Saturation

Ye Gu Kang, David DIaz Reigosa, Robert D. Lorenz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


High-frequency injection (HFI) is widely used for zero-to-low speed self-sensing in machines with saliency. HFI algorithms use inductive saliency in the d- and q-axes to estimate the rotor position in permanent magnet synchronous machines (PMSMs). Generally speaking, surface PMSMs (SPMSMs), which are designed without inductive saliency, are not suitable for HFI inductive based self-sensing. In this article, a method to enhance HFI algorithms at zero-to-low speed for classically designed SPMSMs with low inductive saliency is presented. The proposed method is based on using intentional magnetic saturation under flux-intensifying (FI) operation, which will temporarily enable robust self-sensing operation in the zero-to-low speed region in machines that are not suitable for traditional HFI self-sensing.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9296202
Pages (from-to)228731-228739
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Access
StatePublished - 2020


  • High-frequency injection
  • magnetic saturation
  • permanent magnet
  • self-sensing


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