Statistical road-traffic noise mapping based on elementary urban forms in two cities of South Korea

Phillip Kim, Hunjae Ryu, Jong June Jeon, Seo Il Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Statistical models that can generate a road-traffic noise map for a city or area where only elementary urban design factors are determined, and where no concrete urban morphology, including buildings and roads, is given, can provide basic but essential information for developing a quiet and sustainable city. Long-term cost-effective measures for a quiet urban area can be considered at early city planning stages by using the statistical road-traffic noise map. An artificial neural network (ANN) and an ordinary least squares (OLS) model were developed by utilizing data on urban form indicators, based on a 3D urban model and road-traffic noise levels from a normal noise map of city A (Gwangju). The developed ANN and OLS models were applied to city B (Cheongju), and the resultant statistical noise map of city B was compared to an existing normal road-traffic noise map of city B. The urban form indicators that showed multi-collinearity were excluded by the OLS model, and among the remaining urban forms, road-related urban form indicators such as traffic volume and road area density were found to be important variables to predict the road-traffic noise level and to design a quiet city. Comparisons of the statistical ANN and OLS noise maps with the normal noise map showed that the OLS model tends to under-estimate road-traffic noise levels, and the ANN model tends to over-estimate them.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2365
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2 Feb 2021


  • Artificial neural network
  • Road-traffic noise
  • Statistical noise map
  • Urban forms


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