Stress Release Effect of Micro-hole Arrays for Flexible Electrodes and Thin Film Transistors

Gwang Jun Lee, Su Jin Heo, Seungchul Lee, Jae Hoon Yang, Byoung Ok Jun, Hyun Sik Kim, Jae Eun Jang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


The effects of micro-hole arrays in the thin metal films were studied as a method to release bending stress in flexible electrodes and flexible thin film transistors (TFTs). Interest in flexible electronics is increasing, and many approaches have been suggested to solve the issue of the electrical failure of electrodes or electrical components such as TFTs after repeated bending. Here, we demonstrate a micro-hole array structure as a common solution to release bending stress. Although micro-size cracks were generated and propagated from the hole edges, the cracks stopped within a certain range when enough stress was released. Moreover, since the crack sites were predictable and controllable, a fatal electrical breakdown in a conductive layer such as a metal electrode or the semiconducting junction of a TFT can be prevented by specifically arranging the hole arrays. Thin film layers fabricated without holes suffered an electrical breakdown due to random crack propagation during bending tests. Aluminum thin film electrodes prepared with arrays of 3 μm diameter holes and 25% hole area showed excellent durability after 300,000 bending cycles. The change in resistance was below 3%. The electrical characteristics of an a-IGZO TFT with the micro-hole structure were almost equivalent to a standard a-IGZO TFT. After 10,000 bending cycles, ION and the ratio of ION/IOFF remained >107 A and ∼107, respectively. Since the effective hole diameter is micrometer in size, fabrication does not require additional process steps or expensive process equipment. Therefore, the approach can be an important way to enhance the reliability of various electrical devices in flexible and wearable applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19226-19234
Number of pages9
JournalACS applied materials & interfaces
Issue number16
StatePublished - 22 Apr 2020


  • bending
  • flexible electrode
  • flexible thin film transistor
  • folding
  • micro-hole arrays


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