Strong electron-phonon coupling driven charge density wave states in stoichiometric 1T-VS2 crystals

Si Hong Lee, Yun Chang Park, Jinwoong Chae, Gunn Kim, Hyuk Jin Kim, Byoung Ki Choi, In Hak Lee, Young Jun Chang, Seung Hyun Chun, Minkyung Jung, Jungpil Seo, Sunghun Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


A charge density wave (CDW) transition is one of the fundamental quantum phenomena used to unveil the interactions between electrons and phonons that are coexisting or competing with other intriguing quantum phases, such as superconducting and ferromagnetic phases. Layered van der Waals materials, especially the family of vanadium dichalcogenides (VS2, VSe2, and VTe2), have previously demonstrated CDW transition and ferromagnetic ordering, although these demonstrations lacked critical evidence. Among them, VS2 single crystals in bulk form are challenging materials due to their thermodynamical instability; thus, experiments involving these materials have been rare. Herein, we report the multiple CDW states of a perfect 1T-phase VS2 single crystal fabricated by chemical vapor transport and annealing treatment. The metastable phase comprising VS2 and V5S8 turned into a stoichiometric 1T-phase VS2 single crystal, confirmed by high-resolution microscopy. The fine structure formed at low temperature exhibits two clear CDW orders with the absence of nesting vectors on the Fermi surface, confirmed by scanning tunneling microscopy and density functional theory calculations. Our findings provide insight into obtaining a stable crystallographic phase of VS2, stimulating further research into its compelling physical properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16657-16665
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry C
Issue number44
StatePublished - 28 Oct 2022


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