Structural behavior of inverted V-braced frames reinforced with non-welded buckling restrained braces

Sun Hee Kim, Sung Mo Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


A concentric braced steel frame is a very efficient structural system because it requires relatively smaller amount of materials to resist lateral forces. However, primarily developed as a structural system to resist wind loads based on an assumption that the structure behaves elastically, a concentric braced frame possibly experiences the deterioration in energy dissipation after brace buckling and the brittle failure of braces and connections when earthquake loads cause inelastic behavior. Consequently, plastic deformation is concentrated in the floor where brace buckling occurs first, which can lead to the rupture of the structure. This study suggests reinforcing H-shaped braces with non-welded cold-formed stiffeners to restrain flexure and buckling and resist tensile force and compressive force equally. Weak-axis reinforcing members (2 pieces) developed from those suggested in previous studies (4 pieces) were used to reinforce the H-shaped braces in an inverted V-type braced frame. Monotonic loading tests, finite element analysis and cyclic loading tests were carried out to evaluate the structural performance of the reinforced braces and frames. The reinforced braces satisfied the AISC requirement. The reinforcement suggested in this study is expected to prevent the rupture of beams caused by the unbalanced resistance of the braces.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1581-1598
Number of pages18
JournalSteel and Composite Structures
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2015


  • Buckling restraining elements
  • Cycle loading
  • Non-welded
  • Seismic performance
  • V-type braced frames


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