Structural characteristics of welded built-up square CFT column-to-beam connections with external diaphragms

Seong Hu Lee, I. I.Seung Yang, Sung Mo Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Generally, a box tube, which is used for an existing square CFT structure, is made by welding four plates. The manufacturing efficiency of this steel tube is poor, and it also needs special welding technology to weld its internal diaphragm and the through diaphragm. Therefore, an interior-anchor-type square steel tube was developed using the method of cold-forming thin plates to prevent welding of the stress concentration position, and to maximize the section efficiency. And, considering of the flow of beam flange load, the efficiency of erection and the weldability of the diaphragm to thin walled steel column, the external diaphragm connection was selected as the suitable type for the welded built-up square CFT column to beam connection. And, an analytical study and tests were conducted to evaluate the structural performance of the suggested connection details and to verify the suggested equations for the connection details. Through this study, the composite effect of the internal anchor to concrete, the resistance and stress distribution of the connections before and after the existing column is welded to the beam, the effective location of welding in connection were analyzed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-279
Number of pages19
JournalSteel and Composite Structures
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2010


  • External diaphragm
  • Inner anchor
  • Weld throat thickness
  • Welded built-up square cft column


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