Surface graphite formation of the brown colored type i diamonds during high pressure annealing

Jeongho Song, Ohsung Song

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2 Scopus citations


We investigated color and graphite layer formation on the surface of Type I tinted brown diamonds exposed for 5 minutes under a high-pressure high-temperature (HPHT) condition in a stable graphite regime. We executed the HPHT processes of Process I, varying the temperature from 1600°C to 2300°C under 5.2 GPa pressure for 5 minutes, and Process II, varying the pressure from 4.2 to 5.7 GPa at 2150°C for 5 minutes. Optical microscopy and micro-Raman spectroscopy were used to check the microstructure and surface layer phase evolution. For Process I, we observed a color change to vivid yellow and greenish yellow and the growth of a graphite layer as the temperature increased. For Process II, the graphite layer thickness increased as the pressure decreased. We also confirmed by 531 nm micro-Raman spectroscopy that all diamonds showed a 1440 cm-1 characteristic peak, which remained even after HPHT annealing. The results implied that HPHT-treated colored diamonds can be distinguished from natural stones by checking for the existence of the 1440 cm-1 peak with 531 nm micro-Raman spectroscopy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)614-619
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Korean Ceramic Society
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2012


  • Graphite layer
  • HPHT treated
  • Raman spectroscopy
  • Tinted brown colored diamond
  • Type I diamond


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