Surface Ligands as Permeation Barrier in the Growth and Assembly of Anisotropic Semiconductor Nanocrystals

Dahin Kim, Doh C. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Because of the large surface-to-volume ratio of colloidal nanocrystals (NCs), surfactant molecules grafted at the NC surface play an important role in NC growth, interparticle interaction, processing, and application. For this reason, much progress has been made in understanding the surface chemistry of NCs along with the organic ligand shell, particularly in terms of grafted polar groups. However, most explanations of aliphatic counterparts are based on spherical NCs that usually have a dilute ligand layer. In anisotropic NCs such as nanorods and nanoplatelets, the linearly extended dimension results in a high-density aliphatic layer on the NC surface. Unlike spherical NCs, the compact organic shell could serve as a permeation membrane, effectively impeding a penetration of foreign molecules toward the NC surface. In this Perspective, we highlight the effects of ligand configuration on the properties of anisotropic NCs by exploring morphologies, assembled superstructures, and surface reaction of anisotropic NCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2647-2657
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Volume11
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Apr 2020

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