Textural Detail Preservation Network for Video Frame Interpolation

Kihwan Yoon, Jingang Huh, Yong Han Kim, Sungjei Kim, Jinwoo Jeong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The subjective image quality of the Video Frame Interpolation (VFI) result depends on whether image features such as edges, textures and blobs are preserved. With the development of deep learning, various algorithms have been proposed and the objective results of VFI have significantly improved. Moreover, perceptual loss has been used in a method that enhances subjective quality by preserving the features of the image, and as a result, the subjective quality is improved. Despite the quality enhancements achieved in VFI, no analysis has been performed to preserve specific features in the interpolated frames. Therefore, we conducted an analysis to preserve textural detail, such as film grain noise, which can represent the texture of an image, and weak textures, such as droplets or particles. Based on our analysis, we identify the importance of synthesis networks in textural detail preservation and propose an enhanced synthesis network, the Textural Detail Preservation Network (TDPNet). Furthermore, based on our analysis, we propose a Perceptual Training Method (PTM) to address the issue of degraded Peak Signal-to-Noise Ratio (PSNR) when simply applying perceptual loss and to preserve more textural detail. We also propose a Multi-scale Resolution Training Method (MRTM) to address the issue of poor performance when testing datasets with a resolution different from that of the training dataset. The experimental results of the proposed network was outperformed in LPIPS and DISTS on the Vimeo90K, HD, SNU-FILM and UVG datasets compared with the state-of-the-art VFI algorithms, and the subjective results were also outperformed. Furthermore, applying PTM improved PSNR results by an average of 0.293dB compared to simply applying perceptual loss.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71994-72006
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Access
Volume11
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Video frame interpolation
  • perceptual loss
  • synthesis network
  • textural detail preservation

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