The association between skipping breakfast and chronic kidney disease

Chulmin Gahm, Sangshin Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background/objectives: There are few reports on the relationship between skipping breakfast and chronic kidney disease (CKD). We examined the skipping breakfast-CKD relationship and the mediation effects of metabolic diseases (obesity, hypertension, and diabetes) on this relationship. Subjects/methods: We analyzed the data of 21,138 participants aged ≥ 40 years from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013–2018. Skipping breakfast was defined as rarely eating breakfast over the past year. CKD was defined as decreased kidney function expressed by an estimated glomerular filtration rate of < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2. We used a complex sample logistic regression model to examine the relationship between skipping breakfast and CKD. We used Baron and Kenny’s approach to examine whether metabolic diseases work as a mediator within the skipping breakfast-CKD relationships. Results: About 7.6% of participants skipped breakfast, and 5.5% had CKD. After adjusting for confounders, participants who skipped breakfast were at higher odds of having CKD (odds ratio 1.61; 95% confidence interval 1.07–2.42; p value 0.021) compared to those who did not skip breakfast. With full adjustments for confounders, skipping breakfast was not significantly associated with any metabolic diseases, while CKD was significantly associated with diabetes and hypertension. Conclusion: We found that middle-aged or older people who skipped breakfast had a significantly higher odds of having CKD compared to those who did not skip breakfast. However, metabolic diseases did not mediate the relationship between skipping breakfast and CKD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3209-3215
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Urology and Nephrology
Volume55
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2023

Keywords

  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Obesity
  • Skipping breakfast

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The association between skipping breakfast and chronic kidney disease'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this