The characteristics of bio-oil produced from the pyrolysis of three marine macroalgae

Yoon Ju Bae, Changkook Ryu, Jong Ki Jeon, Junhong Park, Dong Jin Suh, Young Woong Suh, Daejun Chang, Young Kwon Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

257 Scopus citations

Abstract

The pyrolysis of two brown macroalgae (Undaria pinnatifida and Laminaria japonica) and one red macroalgae (Porphyra tenera) was investigated for the production of bio-oil within the temperature range of 300-600°C. Macroalgae differ from lignocellulosic land biomass in their constitutional compounds and high N, S and ash contents. The maximum production of bio-oil was achieved at 500°C, with yields between 37.5 and 47.4wt.%. The main compounds in bio-oils vary between macroalgae and are greatly different from those of land biomass, especially in the presence of many nitrogen-containing compounds. Of the gaseous products, CO2 was dominant, while C1-C4 hydrocarbons gradually increasing at 400°C and above. The pretreatment of macroalgae by acid washing effectively reduced the ash content. The pyrolysis of macroalgae offers a new opportunity for feedstock production; however, the utilization of bio-oil as a fuel product needs further assessment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3512-3520
Number of pages9
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume102
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2011

Keywords

  • Laminaria japonica
  • Macroalgae
  • Porphyra tenera
  • Pyrolysis
  • Undaria pinnatifida

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