The crucial role of quaternary mixtures of active layer in organic indoor solar cells

Premkumar Vincent, Jae Won Shim, Jaewon Jang, In Man Kang, Philippe Lang, Jin Hyuk Bae, Hyeok Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


A bulk heterojunction (BHJ) consisting of more than one donor/acceptor is one plausible way to improve the charge transport and/or the spectral absorption range in organic solar cells. Ternary and quaternary solar cells have shown promise in this regard. However, quaternary structures have not yet been intensively tested under indoor lighting conditions. A finite-difference time-domain (FDTD)-based simulation was used to solve for the electric field intensity distribution inside a quaternary photovoltaic device illuminated by 500 lx indoor white light emitting diodes (LEDs). We found that quaternary indoor photovoltaics (IPVs) showed peculiarly high oscillations in the simulated ideal short-circuit current density (Jsc,ideal). Here, we simulated the electric field intensity inside the photovoltaic, compared it to single BHJ photovoltaics, and deduced that the electric field intensity inside the active layer of the IPV was highly sensitive to its thickness due to interference between the incident light and the light reflecting from the back electrode. We also found that Poly[N-90-hepta-decanyl-2,7-carbazole-alt-5,5-(40,70-di-2-thienyl-20,10,30-benzothiadiazole)] (PCDTBT) acted as the primary light absorber in the quaternary blend while poly({4,8-bis[(2ethylhexyl)oxy]benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b0]dithiophene-2,6-diyl}{3-fluoro-2-[(2-ethylhexyl)carbonyl]thieno[3,4-b]thiophenediyl}) (PTB7) acted primarily as a cascade energy level and secondarily as a supplementary light absorber.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1838
Issue number10
StatePublished - 2019


  • Finite-difference time-domain
  • Layer thickness optimization
  • Optical modeling
  • Organic
  • Quaternary


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