The effects of simvastatin, losartan, and combined therapy on soluble CD40 ligand in hypercholesterolemic, hypertensive patients

Seung Hwan Han, Kwang Kon Koh, Michael J. Quon, Yonghee Lee, Eak Kyun Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

The proinflammatory mediator CD40 ligand plays an important role in atherogenesis. Biological mechanisms underlying statin and angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker therapies differ. Therefore, we compared the effects of these therapies either alone or in combination on plasma soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L). This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled cross-over trial with three treatment arms (each 2 months) and two washout periods (each 2 months). Forty-seven hypertensive, hypercholesterolemic patients were given simvastatin 20 mg and placebo, simvastatin 20 mg and losartan 100 mg, or losartan 100 mg and placebo daily during each 2 month treatment period. Simvastatin alone did not significantly reduce sCD40L levels relative to baseline measurements when the entire cohort was analyzed. However, simvastatin significantly reduced sCD40L levels from 5.10 ± 0.34 to 3.07 ± 0.43 ng/ml (P = 0.002) in a subgroup of 18 patients with high baseline sCD40L levels >2.95 ng/ml. Combined therapy or losartan alone significantly decreased plasma sCD40L levels relative to baseline measurements by 14 ± 7% (P = 0.001) and 13 ± 10% (P = 0.001), respectively. These decreases were significantly greater than those observed with simvastatin alone (P = 0.023 by ANOVA). Significant inverse correlations between baseline sCD40L levels and percent changes in sCD40L levels were observed (r = -0.456, P = 0.001 after simvastatin alone; r = -0.476, P < 0.001 after combined therapy; r = -0.451, P = 0.002 after losartan alone). Losartan alone or combined therapy significantly reduced plasma sCD40L levels more than simvastatin alone in our subjects. Simvastatin, losartan and combined therapy significantly reduced sCD40L to the greatest extent in patients with high baseline sCD40L levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-211
Number of pages7
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume190
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2007

Keywords

  • Angiotensin II receptor blocker
  • CD40 ligand
  • HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor
  • Inflammation

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