The evaluation of the various update conditions on the performance of gravity gradient referenced navigation

Jisun Lee, Jay Hyoun Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The navigation algorithm developed based on the extended Kalman filter (EKF) sometimes diverges when the linearity between the measurements and the states is not preserved. In this study, new update conditions together with two conditions from previous study for gravity gradient referenced navigation (GGRN) were deduced for the filter performance. Also, the effect of each update conditions was evaluated imposing the various magnitudes of the database (DB) and the sensor errors. In case the DB and the sensor errors were supposed to 0.1 Eo and 0.01 Eo, the navigation performance was improved in the eight trajectories by using part of gravity gradient components that independently estimate states located within trust boundary. When applying only the components showing larger variation, around 200% of improvement was found. Even the DB and sensor error were supposed to 3 Eo, six update conditions improved performance in at least seven trajectories. More than five trajectories generated better results with 5 Eo error of the DB and the sensor. Especially, two update conditions successfully control divergence, and bounded the navigation error to the 1/10 level. However, these update conditions could not be generalized for all trajectories so that it is recommended to apply update conditions at the stage of planning, or as an index of precision of GGRN when combine with various types of geophysical data and algorithm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)569-577
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2015


  • EKF
  • GGRN
  • Stabilization of the filter
  • Update conditions


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