The informal economy and bribery in North Korea

Byung Yeon Kim, Yu Mi Koh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


This paper uses the data of 227 North Korean refugees who have settled in South Korea to investigate the relationship between working in the informal economy (market component of theeconomy) and bribe-giving, and between bribe-giving and the umber of hours worked in the formal sector (planned component of the economy). The first relationship is positive, and the second relationship is negative. These results imply that widespread informal economy activities in North Korea have been undermining the socialist regime through bribery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)104-117
Number of pages14
JournalAsian Economic Papers
Issue number3
StatePublished - Oct 2011


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