The Optimal GSD and Image Size for Deep Learning Semantic Segmentation Training of Drone Images of Winter Vegetables

Dongki Chung, Impyeong Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


A Drone image is an ultra-high-resolution image that is several or tens of times higher in spatial resolution than a satellite or aerial image. Therefore, drone image-based remote sensing is different from traditional remote sensing in terms of the level of object to be extracted from the image and the amount of data to be processed. In addition, the optimal scale and size of data used for model training is different depending on the characteristics of the applied deep learning model. However, most studies do not consider the size of the object to be found in the image, the spatial resolution of the image that reflects the scale, and in many cases, the data specification used in the model is applied as it is before. In this study, the effect of spatial resolution and image size of drone image on the accuracy and training time of the semantic segmentation deep learning model of six wintering vegetables was quantitatively analyzed through experiments. As a result of the experiment, it was found that the average accuracy of dividing six wintering vegetables increases as the spatial resolution increases, but the increase rate and convergence section are different for each crop, and there is a big difference in accuracy and time depending on the size of the image at the same resolution. In particular, it was found that the optimal resolution and image size were different from each crop. The research results can be utilized as data for getting the efficiency of drone images acquisition and production of training data when developing a winter vegetable segmentation model using drone images.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1573-1587
Number of pages15
JournalKorean Journal of Remote Sensing
Issue number1-6
StatePublished - 2021


  • Deeplabv3+
  • Drone image
  • Semantic segmentation
  • Spatial resolution
  • Winter vegetation


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