The potential to implement a superstreet as an unconventional arterial intersection design in Korea

Jae Pil Moon, Young Rok Kim, Do Gyeong Kim, Suk Ki Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

The supply of highway facilities in urban and suburban areas across South Korea has not kept pace with automobile growth, resulting in traffic congestion, and congested roads have contributed to worsen operation and safety problems with high fuel consumption. Traffic agencies and engineers in South Korea have focused on mitigating congestions through Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS), demand managements, and other conventional measures. Unfortunately, these conventional countermeasures were exhausted in Korea to mitigate traffic congestion. From the viewpoint of efficiency and safety, a superstreet might be one of the alternatives to be considered for solving traffic problems. A superstreet is an unconventional intersection which redirects left turn and through movements from side streets. The design concept leads to increase safety by reducing conflict points at a major crossing point and operating like a pair of one-way streets which signals independently control from the both directions. Prior research have reviewed the performance of the implemented superstreets in North Carolina, U. S and showed a significant improvement in operation and safety compared to existing conventional intersection designs. The purpose of this paper is to provide insight on the potential to implement a superstreet as a promising solution for improving mobility and safety in the South Korea. This paper evaluated how a superstreet design effectively and safely handles with given traffic circumstances compared to an existing design. The VISSIM Model was selected to simulate the operations of subject intersections and Surrogate Safety Assessment Model (SSAM), developed by Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), which performs conflict analysis by processing vehicles trajectory data extracted from micro-simulations, was adopted to evaluate safety estimations. The results showed that the corridor with superstreets have the most effective progression of traffic along the entire road section with the fewest stops and lowest delays. Also it indicated that superstreets would contribute to have a decrease in collisions. The results would suffice to provide traffic agencies and engineers with an effective alternative to improve safety while reducing congestion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1109-1114
Number of pages6
JournalKSCE Journal of Civil Engineering
Volume15
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2011

Keywords

  • conflict
  • effectiveness
  • operation
  • safety
  • superstreet

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