The presence of CH3NH2 neutral species in organometal halide perovskite films

Min Cherl Jung, Young Mi Lee, Han Koo Lee, Jinwoo Park, Sonia R. Raga, Luis K. Ono, Shenghao Wang, Matthew R. Leyden, Byung Deok Yu, Suklyun Hong, Yabing Qi

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We report the presence of CH3NH2 neutral species not only on the surface but also at grain boundaries in the interior of thin polycrystalline films of methylammonium lead iodide perovskite CH3NH3PbI3 (thickness ∼ 50 nm) that were prepared using a standard solution method. Different chemical states for C K-edge were observed at the surfaces and in the interiors of perovskite films. Salient features of σ∗(CH3-NH3+: methylammonium cation) and σ∗(CH3-NH2: methylamine neutral species) were observed at 290.3 and 292.8 eV in both partial (surface-sensitive) and total (bulk) electron yield modes by near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure measurements. Consistently, two chemical states originated from CH3NH3+ and CH3NH2 in C 1s and N 1s core-level spectra were observed using high-resolution x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Using density functional theory calculations, we show that CH3NH2 cannot reside stably in the MAPbI3 perovskite crystal structure. Therefore, we propose that these CH3NH2 neutral species are mainly located on the surface or at grain boundaries in the interior of CH3NH3PbI3 films.

Original languageEnglish
Article number073901
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number7
StatePublished - 15 Feb 2016


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