The pyrolysis of waste mandarin residue using thermogravimetric analysis and a batch reactor

Jeong Wook Kim, See Hoon Lee, Seong Soo Kim, Sung Hoon Park, Jong Ki Jeon, Young Kwon Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


A study on the pyrolysis of waste mandarin residue, with the aim of producing bio-oil, is reported. To elucidate the thermodynamics and temperature-dependency of the pyrolysis reaction of waste mandarin residue, the activation energy was obtained by thermogravimetric analysis. Mass loss occurred within the temperature range 200-750 °C, and the average activation energy was calculated to be 205.5 kJ/mol. Pyrolysis experiments were performed using a batch reactor, under different conditions, by varying the carrier gas flow rate and temperature. When the carrier gas flow rate was increased from 15 to 30 and finally to 50ml/min, the oil yield slightly increased. Experiments performed within the temperature range 400-800 °C showed the highest oil yield (38.16 wt%) at 500 °C. The moisture content in the bio-oil increased from 35 to 45% as the temperature increased from 400 to 800 °C, which also resulted in reduction of the oxygenates content and increase in the phenolics and aromatics content, indicating that temperature is an important operating parameter influencing the yield and composition of bio-oil.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1867-1872
Number of pages6
JournalKorean Journal of Chemical Engineering
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2011


  • Bio-oil
  • Pyrolysis
  • TGA
  • Waste Mandarin Residue


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