The update of korean geoid model based on newly obtained gravity data

Jisun Lee, Jay Hyoun Kwon, Young Min Keum, Jiyeong Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The previous land gravity data in Korea showed locally biased irregular distribution. Especially, this problem was more serious in the mountainous area where the data density was significantly low. The same problem appeared in GPS/Levelling data thus the precision of the geoid could not be improved. From 2008, new gravity and GPS/Levelling data has been collected by the unified control point and survey on the benchmark project which were funded by the national geographic information institute. The newly obtained data has much better distribution and precision so that it could be used for update precision of geoid model. In this study, the new precision geoid has been calculated based old and new gravity data and this model showed 5.29cm of precision compared to 927 points of GPS/Levelling data. And the degree of fit and precision of hybrid geoid has been calculated 2.99cm and 3.67cm. The new gravimetric geoid has been updated about 27% over whole country. And it showed 42% of precision update due to collection of new gravity data on the Kangwon/Kyeongsang area which showed quite low distribution. In 2010, about 4,000 points of gravity and 300 points of GPS/Levelling data has been obtained by unified control and survey on benchmark project. We expect that new data will contribute to updating geoid precision and verifying precision more objectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-89
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2011


  • Control points
  • GPS/Levelling
  • Gravity on benchmark
  • Precision geoid model


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