Theory of non-polar and semi-polar nitride semiconductor quantum-well structures

Doyeol Ahn, Seoung Hwan Park

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10 Scopus citations


We investigate the electronic and optical properties of non-polar a- and m-planes and semi-polar InGaN-GaN quantum-well structures using the multiband effective-mass theory taking into account the many-body effects. These results are compared with those of (0 0 0 1) oriented c-plane wurtzite InGaN-GaN quantum wells. We derive explicitly the valence-band Hamiltonian and interband optical matrix elements with polarization dependence for an arbitrary crystal polar angle and an azimuthal angle φ. The average hole effective masses of the topmost valence band along the wave vector perpendicular to the crystal orientation for the non-polar and semi-polar cases are substantially lower than that of the c-plane case. It is found that the azimuthal angle φ does not change the shape of the band structure but shifts the sub-band position. Thus the transition energy will be dependent on both the polar angle and the azimuthal angle φ. It is expected that the optical matrix elements are strongly anisotropic and optical gain would be larger for the non-polar and semi-polar cases because of the vanishing of the internal electric fields.

Original languageEnglish
Article number024011
JournalSemiconductor Science and Technology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2012


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