Therapeutic effects of a novel siRNA-based anti-VEGF (siVEGF) nanoball for the treatment of choroidal neovascularization

Na Kyung Ryoo, Jihwang Lee, Hyunjoo Lee, Hye Kyoung Hong, Hyejin Kim, Jong Bum Lee, Se Joon Woo, Kyu Hyung Park, Hyuncheol Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness in developed countries and is characterized by the development of choroidal neovascularization (CNV). Therapies for AMD have focused on suppressing angiogenic factors, such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), mainly via conventional anti-VEGF antibody agents. However, additional efforts have been made to develop effective small-interfering RNA (siRNA)-based intracellular therapeutic agents. In this study, we have manufactured a novel siRNA-based anti-VEGF nanoball (siVEGF NB). The siVEGF NB was composed of a siRNA hydrogel with a core of anti-VEGF sequence siRNA coated with branched PEI (bPEI) and hyaluronic acid (HA) in order by applying an electrical force. The novel siVEGF NBs, which were employed in a laser-induced CNV mouse model, were optimized as a retinal and choroidal delivery system through the vitreous humor to the sub-retinal space via CD44 receptor endocytosis on the inner limiting membrane, and showed therapeutic effects via pathways bypassing the TLR3-induced siRNA-class effect. The therapeutic effects of siVEGF NBs lasted for 2 weeks after intravitreal injection showing high targeting efficiency to the sub-retinal space. Thus, the newly developed siVEGF NB may have great potential for the delivery of RNAi-based therapeutics for ocular diseases, including AMD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15461-15469
Number of pages9
JournalNanoscale
Volume9
Issue number40
DOIs
StatePublished - 28 Oct 2017

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