Transparentizing black holes to eternal traversable wormholes

Dongsu Bak, Chanju Kim, Sang Heon Yi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


We present the gravity description of evaporating black holes that end up with eternal traversable wormholes where every would-be behind horizon degree is available in asymptotic regions. The transition is explicitly realized by a time-dependent bulk solution in the two-dimensional Einstein-dilaton gravity. In this solution, the initial AdS 2 black hole is evolved into an eternal traversable wormhole free of any singularity, which may be dubbed as transparentization of black holes to eternal traversable wormholes. The bulk construction completely matches with the boundary description governed by the Schwarzian boundary theory. We also obtain solutions describing eternal traversable wormholes as well as excitations by an additional matter and graviton oscillations on eternal traversable wormholes, which show that the eternal traversable wormhole states are gapped and non-chaotic. Embedding the 2d solution into a 4d traversable wormhole connecting two magnetically charged holes, we discuss 4d scattering of a wave incident upon one end of the traversable wormhole.

Original languageEnglish
Article number155
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2019


  • 2D Gravity
  • AdS-CFT Correspondence
  • Black Holes
  • Spacetime Singularities


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