Treatment of phenol wastewater using nitrogen-doped magnetic mesoporous hollow carbon

Hao Liu, Go eun Kim, Chang Oh Hong, Young Chae Song, Won Ki Lee, Di Liu, Seong Ho Jang, Young Kwon Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Nitrogen-doped magnetic mesoporous hollow carbon (NMMHC) was prepared to realize effective adsorption of phenol from wastewater. The chemical and physical properties of NMMHC were analyzed, and the effects of adsorption time, initial pH, and phenol concentration on the adsorption capacity of NMMHC were studied. Adsorption kinetics and isotherm models were used to explain the adsorption properties. The results showed that the specific surface area, type of nitrogen group, and nitrogen content of NMMHC are related to the carbonization temperature. Chemical interaction was demonstrated to be present in the process of adsorption, which was characterized as monolayer adsorption. In addition, the adsorption mechanism was studied by attenuated total internal reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and analysis of non-covalent interactions. This study found that non-covalent interactions between NMMHC and phenol molecules are van der Waals interactions, and nitrogen-containing groups increase the phenol adsorption capacity by enhancing such interactions. The π-π interactions between the nitrogen groups and phenol molecules also enhanced the adsorption energy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number129595
StatePublished - May 2021


  • Adsorption
  • Magnetic mesoporous hollow carbon
  • Nitrogen doping
  • Non-covalent interaction
  • Phenol


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