Urban stream overflow probability in a changing climate: Case study of the Seoul Uicheon Basin, Korea

Sun Kwon Yoon, Jong Suk Kim, Young Il Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Flooding from the overflow of rivers and streams can cause major disruption in urban areas that is likely to have significant effects on human activities and the environment. Such consequences could be exacerbated by enhanced levels of precipitation resulting from future climate change. Various options are available for responding to flooding; however, further studies are needed to improve the design flood criteria in order to cope with the uncertainties of a changing climate. This study investigated an improved methodology for the evaluation of the overflow probability of urban streams. This was achieved through the application of Monte Carlo simulations (MCSs) and climate change scenarios that incorporated an increased probability of overbank flooding. An estimation of the probability of future rainfall in the Uicheon Basin of Korea, using chaos disintegration with regional climate model (RCM) scenario data, indicated a projected increase of 4.4%–9.6%. The results for 100-year flooding under projected conditions of climate change, based on a hydrologic overflow inundation model, showed that flooded areas could increase by 58.1% compared with current levels, depending on the climate change scenarios. However, forecasts based on MCSs indicated that extreme rainfall could increase by 94.9%. Thus, an overflow analysis that reflects both extreme hydrologic events and more frequent flooding due to climate change could provide a more reliable means of forecasting extreme events, as well as helping to prevent natural disasters associated with unexpected extreme flooding. The results obtained in this study would provide useful data for stakeholders and decision makers to both enhance policy standards and formulate measures to reduce the risk of urban flooding within the context of a changing climate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52-65
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Hydro-Environment Research
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2016


  • Climate change
  • Monte Carlo simulation
  • Overflow probability
  • Urban streams


Dive into the research topics of 'Urban stream overflow probability in a changing climate: Case study of the Seoul Uicheon Basin, Korea'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this