Using supervised learning techniques to automatically classify vortex-induced vibration in long-span bridges

Jaeyeong Lim, Sunjoong Kim, Ho Kyung Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Owing to a capacity for high flexibility and low damping, long-span bridges are subjected to vortex-induced vibrations (VIVs) under operational conditions. Long-term monitoring data with machine-learning algorithms indicate the potential for automating the VIV assessment of long-span bridges. These methods require a significant amount of labeled data, whereas obtaining such data is normally not feasible owing to the limited availability of VIV datasets. This study leverages supervised learning techniques to develop an automatic classification method for VIVs. To address manual data labeling and develop an optimum model, a three-stage strategy is presented: 1) Semi-supervised labeling, 2) deep neural network (DNN) training, and 3) identification of an optimum parameter range. First, semi-supervised labeling is employed to automatically label the dataset into either VIV or non-VIV classes. Second, a DNN model is trained using the wind and vibrational features of labeled data. Finally, the optimum parameter range is determined by analyzing the peak factor distribution, confusion matrix, and corresponding velocity–amplitude curve of the classified test datasets. An application of the model to a long-span, cable-stayed bridge is illustrated to assess the classification performance based on actual monitoring data. The DNN with the suggested labeling process demonstrates consistent and accurate detection of VIVs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104904
JournalJournal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics
StatePublished - Feb 2022


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