V-set and immunoglobulin domain-containing 1 (Vsig1), predominantly expressed in testicular germ cells, is dispensable for spermatogenesis and male fertility in mice

Yena Jung, Hyewon Bang, Young Hyun Kim, Na Eun Park, Young Ho Park, Chaeli Park, Sang Rae Lee, Jeong Woong Lee, Bong Seok Song, Ji Su Kim, Bo Woong Sim, Dong Won Seol, Gabbine Wee, Sunhyung Kim, Sun Uk Kim, Ekyune Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

To elucidate the functional role of V-set and immunoglobulin domain-containing 1 (VSIG1) in spermatogenesis and fertilization, we knocked out (KO) VSIG1 in a mouse embryo using CRISPR/Cas9 (Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat/CRISPR-associated protein 9)-mediated genome editing. Reverse transcription PCR was performed using cDNA synthesized from VSIG1 KO testis RNA. Although Western blot analysis using a specific antibody to VSIG1 con-firmed VSIG1 protein defects in the KO mice, hematoxylin-eosin staining analysis was similar in the KO and wild-type mice. Additionally, computer-assisted sperm analysis and in vitro fertilization experiments were conducted to confirm the activity and fertilization ability of sperm derived from the KO mouse. Mice lacking VSIG1 were viable and had no serious developmental defects. As they got older, the KO mice showed slightly higher weight loss, male mice lacking VSIG1 had functional testes, including normal sperm number and motility, and both male and female mice lacking VSIG1 were fertile. Our results from VSIG1 KO mice suggest that VSIG1 may not play essential roles in spermatogenesis and normal testis development, function, and maintenance. VSIG1 in sperm is dispensable for spermatogenesis and male fertility in mice. As several genes are known to possess slightly different functions depending on the species, the importance and molecular mechanism of VSIG1 in tissues of other species needs further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1037
JournalAnimals
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • Fertility
  • Fertilization
  • Sperm
  • Spermatogenesis
  • VSIG1

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