Weak-lensing Mass Reconstruction of Galaxy Clusters with a Convolutional Neural Network

Sungwook E. Hong, Sangnam Park, M. James Jee, Dongsu Bak, Sangjun Cha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


We introduce a novel method for reconstructing the projected matter distributions of galaxy clusters with weak-lensing (WL) data based on a convolutional neural network (CNN). Training data sets are generated with ray-tracing through cosmological simulations. We control the noise level of the galaxy shear catalog such that it mimics the typical properties of the existing ground-based WL observations of galaxy clusters. We find that the mass reconstruction by our multilayered CNN with the architecture of alternating convolution and trans-convolution filters significantly outperforms the traditional reconstruction methods. The CNN method provides better pixel-to-pixel correlations with the truth, restores more accurate positions of the mass peaks, and more efficiently suppresses artifacts near the field edges. In addition, the CNN mass reconstruction lifts the mass-sheet degeneracy when applied to our projected cluster mass estimation from sufficiently large fields. This implies that this CNN algorithm can be used to measure the cluster masses in a model-independent way for future wide-field WL surveys.

Original languageEnglish
Article number266
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - 20 Dec 2021


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